How to reduce risk of leg/foot amputation for diabetics?

I am planning a diabetes support group in a hospital as part of my dietetic internship program, and I would like to get some expert advices on tips that I could give to my patients to reduce their risk of having their leg/foot amputated?

If they perform a self foot exam, for example, what kind of early signs should they look for?

Thank you.

One Response

  1. Foot-com

    Hello and thank you for the question. Some of the best tips for preventing diabetes-related leg / foot amputations include:

    1. Tight glycemic control as elevated blood sugar levels are toxic to the nerves leading to diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

    2. Smoking cessation for those who do smoke. Cigarette smoking is associated with increased risk of peripheral arterial disease increasing the risk of delayed wound healing and necrosis – two of the leading causes of amputations.

    3. Regular checkups with a Podiatrist as many of these infections, ulcers and amputations can be prevented with early care and off-loading with footwear.

    4. Proper footwear is important as if a person loses sensation to the bottom of the foot they may not feel if they step on something sharp or cut themselves. These undetected cuts or injuries to the foot can lead to serious infection and amputation.

    I hope this helps!

    Dr. Emily Splichal
    Please be advised: we do not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
    By law, we cannot give specific medical advice over the Internet.

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